Gauss Law - Applications, Gauss Theorem Formula Gauss law states that the total electric flux out of a closed surface is equal to the charge enclosed divided by the permittivity. The electric flux in an area is defined as the electric field multiplied by the area of the surface projected in a plane and perpendicular to the field. Frequently Asked Questions on Gauss Law Q1 Can the Gauss law be applied to all surfaces? For any closed surface and for any distribution of charges, the Gauss law is valid. Q2 Can the Gauss law be applied to the non-uniform electric field? The Gauss law can be applied to uniform and non-uniform electric fields. Q3 State the Gauss law. According to the Gauss law, the net flux of an electric field in a closed surface is directly proportional to the charge enclosed. Q4 What is the factor on which the electric field lines depend? The Gauss law is interpreted in terms of the electric flux through the surface. The electric flux through the surface is th

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Electric Field An Electric field can be considered an electric property associated with each point in the space where a charge is present in any form. An electric field is also described as the electric force per unit charge. Electric fields are usually caused by varying magnetic fields or electric charges. Electric field strength is measured in the SI unit volt per metre (V/m). What Is an Electric Field? An electric field is defined mathematically as a vector field that can be associated with each point in space, the force per unit charge exerted on a positive test charge at rest at that point. The formula of the electric field is given as, E = F / Q Where, E is the electric field. F is the force. Q is the charge. The direction of the field is taken as the direction of the force which is exerted on the positive charge. The electric field is radially outwards from the positive charge and radially towards the negative point charge. The electric field is g